Islamic Glossary

Islamic Glossary

Allah The One God
 Abbas Abbas b. Ali b. Abi Talib was the brother of Imam Hussein (A.S.). His mother was Umm al-Banin. Abbas was killed at Karbala.
 Ablution Also known as wudu, to clean oneself in a specific way before salat (prayer).
 The Adhan The Call to Prayer
 Ashura In the month of Muharram 61 AH (approx. 20 October 680 AD), an event took place in Iraq at a place known as Kerbala on the bank of the river Euphrates.. It appeared at that time that like hundreds of similar events, this battle would be recorded in history and forgotten in time. However, the events that occurred on the 10th day of Muharram in Kerbala were to become a beacon and an inspiration for future generations.It appeared at that time that like hundreds of similar events, this battle would be recorded in history and forgotten in time. However, the events that occurred on the 10th day of Muharram in Kerbala were to become a beacon and an inspiration for future generations.
 'Asr  Asr is the afternoon, and the prayer of the afternoon
 A'maal  A'maal is an act of worship
 Awra The part of a person's body that must be covered before everybody but a spouse; for men this is from navel to knee, for women from upper chest to knee. It may also be used to refer to what must be concealed of a woman before non-related men
 Aqidah/Aqaeed  In Arabic, this is a creed or statement of faith or beliefs.
 As-Sırat  The imaginary bridge set across the Hell-Fire.
 Akhlaq  the practice of virtue, morality and manners in Islam
 Ayah Literally means "sign"; used to refer to a verse of the Quran, each of which is a sign of God. Plural is "ayat"
 Bid'a Means "innovation"; it refers to adding an obligation to the religion that God and the Prophet Muhammad did not do. Some Muslims feel that adding anything at all to the religion, even if it's not an obligation, is a bid'a
 Baligh  A person who has reached maturity or puberty
 Bilal  Bilal was a companion of the Prophet (Pubh)
 Bismillah Bismillah means In the Name of Allah or I begin in the Name of Allah
 Dalil Evidence that is brought from Quran and Sunna to prove a point. For instance, to make a claim about the status of the face veil, one must present dalils
 Da'wah The "call" to Islam; inviting people to learn more about Islam to encourage them to convert
 Deen Also spelled "din". The Arabic word for "religion". Carries the sense of a debt that we owe God, and of a code for judging peoples' actions. Thus it means religion as a whole way of life not just as worship practices
 Dajjal An evil figure who will appear some time before the Last Day. He is a counterpart to the Antichrist prophesied by Christianity. He will deceive the faithful, teaching them that Heaven is Hell and vice versa. He will have the power to work miracles in order to mislead believers.
 Du'a Personal prayer or supplication to God, contrasted with salat (which see), the fixed-time ritual prayer. The name means "calling on God"
 Eid Eid is an Islamic holiday. The four Eids are listed below.Eid ul-Adha falls on the tenth day of Dhul Hijjah.Eid ul-Fitr falls on the 1st day of Shawwal.Eid-e GhadeerEid-e Mubahala
 Ehtiaat-Waajib Ehtiaat-Waajib is an obligatory precaution which must be followed
 Fajr  Fajr is dawn, and denotes Subhe-Sadiq, the prime time for prayer
 Foroo-e-Din  Foroo-e-Din are the branches of Islam
 Fard Obligatory; performance will be rewarded and neglect will be punished (said of an action)
 Fatima Fatima or Fatema (A.S.), the Chief of the women of the worlds, is the daughter of the Prophet (PBUH) and the wife of Ali b. Abi Talib (A.S.), the mother of Hasan and Hussein (A.S.)
 Fatwa Contrary to popular misconception, a fatwa is not a "death sentence" but is simply an official answer by a scholar to a legal question. One can ask for a fatwa on the status of pepperoni. Plural is "fatawa"
 Fitrah Fitrah is the charity due on the occasion of Eid al-Fitr, on the night after Ramadhan fitrah is also referred to ( innate nature)
 Fitnah  trial, temptation; tribulation, tumult.
 Fiqh  The science of jurisprudence or interpreting the Shari'a
 Furu al-din In Shi'a Islam, the eleven Branches of Religion (Furū al-Dīn) are the ten practices that Shi'a Muslims must perform:1 Shahadah (Declaration)2 Salāt (Prayer) 3 Sawm (Fast) 4 Hajj (Pilgrimage) 5 Zakāt (Poor-rate) 6 Khums (One-fifth) 7 Jihād (Struggle) 8 Amr-Bil-Ma'rūf (Enjoining what is good) 9 Nahi-Anil-Munkar (Forbid what is evil) 10 Tawalla (To love the Ahl al-Bayt and their followers ) 11 Tabarra (To disassociate from the enemies of the Ahl al-Bayt)
 Ghadeer Ghadeer is the name of a place near Mecca, and the great holiday named after the event that occurred at that place.
 Ghusl Ghusl is a spiritual bath required after sexual intercourse, menstruation, seminal discharge, and other conditions.
 Hadith Hadeeth is a narration/tradition reported from the Prophet (S) and the Imams (a)
 Hadhrat  A courtesy title used for a revered & righteous person
 Hadith Qudsi A special kind of hadith in which the Prophet Muhammad reports on what God said to him other than the Quran; these are considered to be paraphrases while the Quran is God's literal word
 Hajarul Aswad  Hajarul Aswad is the Black Stone
 Hajj The pilgrimage to Mecca; one of the five pillars. It is obligatory once in a Muslim's life, if he or she is able to afford it
 Halal Lawful; something that is halal may be required, recommended, neutral, or even detestable. It is just that it is not forbidden
 Hanafi One of the madhhabs (schools of law) in jurisprudence (Fiqh) within Sunni Islam
 Hanbali One of the madhhabs (schools of law) in jurisprudence (Fiqh) within Sunni Islam
 Haram Forbidden; performance will be punished and neglect will be rewarded (said of an action)
 Hawza The word Hawza refers to a traditional Islamic school of higher learning
 Hijab The modest dress of the Muslim woman; the word is sometimes used to refer only to the headscarf. A woman who wears hijab is a hijabi. It translates to Veil and can also be used when referring to a man's hijab, dressing modestly.
 Hidayah  Guidance
 Hijra Hijra is the day the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) left Mecca for Medina. In particular, it was the Prophet's (S.A.W.) abandoning Mecca because of its mounting hostility, and transferring himself and his followers to Yathrib (200 miles north) whose peo ple had invited him. He arrived on the 20th of September 622 AD, and the city proudly changed its name to Medinatu'l-Nabi (the Prophet's (S.A.W.) city). On Imam Ali's (A.S.) advice, Omar, reproached for not dating documents, took this event as the start o f the Muslim era, dubbing the year of the Hijrah year as Year 1 and starting it on the Lunar New Year's Day, the 1st of Muharram 622 AD.
 Ihram The sacred state of the pilgrim on hajj; involves certain restrictions on conduct and certain changes in dress
 Ihtiyat  is a precautionary action which usually requires repetition.
 Iman  Faith
 Imam Imam means Leader in Arabic. The term is generally applied to religious leaders. However, there are 12 infallible and noble Imams, the descendants of Muhammad (S.A.W.).
 Inshallah  God willing; if God wills (said when discussing the future)
 Iftar  Iftar is the breaking of the fast
 tawassul It is a religious practice in which a Muslim seeks nearness to Allah.

 

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